Basics Of Medical Residency You Must Know

Completing four years of medical school can be a significant achievement for medical students. Once medical students have obtained their medical degrees, obtaining a medical residency can be the next milestone for many students. Medical students must check out the studentdisciplinedefense.com website before getting started with their medical residency program. 

Medical residency training can be helpful for most students once they have completed their medical degree (see here). Although, medical residency can become a confusing aspect for some students. The student must be aware of different residency programs. Unfortunately, many medical students do not know which program is best suited for them or what exactly the training will provide them. This article can help you if you want to learn more about medical residency and the steps to achieve it. 

What is a medical residency? 

A medical school graduate student or a resident will be undergoing training in a specialized medical field. Medical residency primarily deals with diagnosing, treating, and managing various medical health conditions. Medical residents mostly work at hospitals, private clinics, or emergency rooms to get specialized training in their desired medical field. 

What is the job of a medical resident?

Simply put, a medical resident’s job is to diagnose, treat and manage different health conditions of a patient. Medical residents will be supervised and assisted by doctors and other senior residents while performing various tasks. The medical resident will be able to learn how to order and understand each diagnostic test and medical procedure, obtain medical histories and perform physical examinations if necessary. 

The medical resident will likely work in different sectors of hospital-like emergency departments, intensive care units, operation theater, pediatric wards, and general patient wards. A resident can also work in private clinics. Apart from working in different departments of a hospital, the medical resident will also learn how to communicate with patients, their families, and other healthcare staff. 

In case of surgeries, the medical resident will be guided by the doctor about how they should perform a surgical procedure and diagnostic test. Lastly, medical residents will also be required to attend seminars and conferences to boost their knowledge about their particular medical field. 

What are the different types of medical residency?

There are mainly four types of medical residency as follows: 

  1. Primary care residency 

Primary care residency is aimed to produce knowledgeable and well-rounded physicians who can provide the best quality patient-oriented clinical care. 

  1. Categorical residency 

It is a hospital-based facility that will provide the resident with the full training required for Board Certification in a medical specialty.

  1. Preliminary residency 

Premilimanry residency is a two-year training program provided to medical residents before they choose an advanced specialty program. 

  1. Transitional residency 

Such type of residency is centered on first-year residents, and it mandates the residents to rotate or change different hospital departments every two or three months. 

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